CONDITIONAL SENTENCE

7 01 2010

CONDITIONAL SENTENCE

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Conditional sentence is the sentence which presupposes the assumption of a desire, hopes, plans and others that:

· Still could happen (possible)

· Not fulfilled / fantasy (unreal / probable) and

· Not materialize (imposible)

There are three conditional sentence namely:

· Type I: Future conditionals that express a desire, hope, or plan that still CAN HAPPEN / when we are thinking about possibilities.

Rumus

IF + S + V1, S + will +V1

Example :

If I pass the exam I will continue to university

Faktanya :

Maybe I pass the exam, if I study hard.

I may well pass the exam if I studied hard.

· Type II: Present conditional, stating a desire, hope or unfulfilled plans / fantasies (unreal) or when we imagine a situation.

Formula

IF + S + V2, S + would + V1

Example:

If I passed the exam, I would continue to university

Fact:

I do not pass the exam now.

I do not pass the exam right now so I do not go to university.

Note:

In type II “were” is used for all subjects

Example:

If I were you, I would continue to university (but I am not you).

Type II, contrary to the facts now.

· Type III: Past conditionals that express a wish, hope or plan that does not happen (imposible) or when we imagine a situation based on the facts in the past.

Formula

IF + S + had + V3, S + would have + V3

Example:

If I had passed the exam, I would have continued to university

Facts:

I did not pass the exam then.

(I did not pass the time, so I did not go to university)

Note:

For type III is often shaped inversion (reversal of position).

2 subject verb and not use the IF.

Example:

Had I passed the exam, I would have continued to university.

PATTERN:

Type I

IF + S + V1, S + will + V1

Type II

IF + S + V2, S + would + V1

Type III

IF + S + had + V3, S + would have + V3


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